.htaccess

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Redirecciones

Crearemos un fichero .htaccess con el siguiente código:
Ojo!: usando este método de sobreescritura de url’s tendremos que usar rutas absolutas ya si utilizo rutas relativas cuando en la url le estoy pasando dos parámetros o más, no funcionará.

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/?$ index.php?a=$1&b=$2&c=$3
RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/?$ index.php?a=$1&b=$2
RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/?$ index.php?a=$1

Ver ejemplo.

Eliminar la extensión html de los ficheros

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} /([^.]+)\.html [NC]
RewriteRule ^ /%1 [NC,L,R]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}.html -f
RewriteRule ^ %{REQUEST_URI}.html [NC,L]

Eliminar la extensión php de los ficheros

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} /([^.]+)\.php [NC]
RewriteRule ^ /%1 [NC,L,R]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}.php -f
RewriteRule ^ %{REQUEST_URI}.php [NC,L]

Redireccion de sin www a con wwww

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L]

Redirecciones de http a https

######INICIO NAVEGACION HTTPS######
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteRule .* https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]
######FIN DE NAVEGACION HTTPS######

Redirección 301

Normalmente pasado un año aproximadamente ya se habrá transmitido todo el posicionamiento de una url a otra y podrás quitar el redireccionamiento y si te aparece como 404 en Google borrar la url

Redirección de una url a otraantigua.

Redirect 301 /autocad/ https://pablomonteserin.com/curso-autocad/

Redirección de todas las urls de una subcarpeta al dominio principal

RedirectMatch 301 ^/pruebas/(.*)$ http://coptering.com/$1

Redireccionamos todas las urls del tipo https://pablomonteserin.com/curso/redirections.php?opt=rqr a https://pablomonteserin.com/mis-cursos, prescindiendo de los parámetros de redirecions.php

Redirect 301 /curso/redirections.php /mis-cursos/?

RedirectMatch 301 ^/pruebas/(.*)$ http://coptering.com/$1

Aumentar la velocidad de la web

# BEGIN WP Rocket v3.2.2
# Use UTF-8 encoding for anything served text/plain or text/html
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8
# Force UTF-8 for a number of file formats
<IfModule mod_mime.c>
AddCharset UTF-8 .atom .css .js .json .rss .vtt .xml
</IfModule>

# FileETag None is not enough for every server.
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header unset ETag
</IfModule>

# Since we’re sending far-future expires, we don’t need ETags for static content.
# developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#etags
FileETag None

# Send CORS headers if browsers request them; enabled by default for images.
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
# mod_headers, y u no match by Content-Type?!
<FilesMatch "\.(cur|gif|png|jpe?g|svgz?|ico|webp)$">
SetEnvIf Origin ":" IS_CORS
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" env=IS_CORS
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>
</IfModule>

# Allow access to web fonts from all domains.
<FilesMatch "\.(eot|otf|tt[cf]|woff2?)$">
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>

<IfModule mod_alias.c>
<FilesMatch "\.(html|htm|rtf|rtx|txt|xsd|xsl|xml)$">
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set X-Powered-By "WP Rocket/3.2.2"
Header unset Pragma
Header append Cache-Control "public"
Header unset Last-Modified
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>

<FilesMatch "\.(css|htc|js|asf|asx|wax|wmv|wmx|avi|bmp|class|divx|doc|docx|eot|exe|gif|gz|gzip|ico|jpg|jpeg|jpe|json|mdb|mid|midi|mov|qt|mp3|m4a|mp4|m4v|mpeg|mpg|mpe|mpp|otf|odb|odc|odf|odg|odp|ods|odt|ogg|pdf|png|pot|pps|ppt|pptx|ra|ram|svg|svgz|swf|tar|tif|tiff|ttf|ttc|wav|wma|wri|xla|xls|xlsx|xlt|xlw|zip)$">
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header unset Pragma
Header append Cache-Control "public"
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>

# Expires headers (for better cache control)
<IfModule mod_expires.c>
	ExpiresActive on
	# Perhaps better to whitelist expires rules? Perhaps.
	ExpiresDefault                              "access plus 1 month"
	# cache.appcache needs re-requests in FF 3.6 (thanks Remy ~Introducing HTML5)
	ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest           "access plus 0 seconds"
	# Your document html
	ExpiresByType text/html                     "access plus 0 seconds"
	# Data
	ExpiresByType text/xml                      "access plus 0 seconds"
	ExpiresByType application/xml               "access plus 0 seconds"
	ExpiresByType application/json              "access plus 0 seconds"
	# Feed
	ExpiresByType application/rss+xml           "access plus 1 hour"
	ExpiresByType application/atom+xml          "access plus 1 hour"
	# Favicon (cannot be renamed)
	ExpiresByType image/x-icon                  "access plus 1 week"
	# Media: images, video, audio
	ExpiresByType image/gif                     "access plus 4 months"
	ExpiresByType image/png                     "access plus 4 months"
	ExpiresByType image/jpeg                    "access plus 4 months"
	ExpiresByType image/webp                    "access plus 4 months"
	ExpiresByType video/ogg                     "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType audio/ogg                     "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType video/mp4                     "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType video/webm                    "access plus 1 month"
	# HTC files  (css3pie)
	ExpiresByType text/x-component              "access plus 1 month"
	# Webfonts
	ExpiresByType application/x-font-ttf        "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType font/opentype                 "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff       "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff2      "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType image/svg+xml                 "access plus 1 month"
	ExpiresByType application/vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 1 month"
	# CSS and JavaScript
	ExpiresByType text/css                      "access plus 1 year"
	ExpiresByType application/javascript        "access plus 1 year"
</IfModule>
# Gzip compression
<IfModule mod_deflate.c>
# Active compression
SetOutputFilter DEFLATE
# Force deflate for mangled headers
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
SetEnvIfNoCase ^(Accept-EncodXng|X-cept-Encoding|X{15}|~{15}|-{15})$ ^((gzip|deflate)\s*,?\s*)+|[X~-]{4,13}$ HAVE_Accept-Encoding
RequestHeader append Accept-Encoding "gzip,deflate" env=HAVE_Accept-Encoding
# Don’t compress images and other uncompressible content
SetEnvIfNoCase Request_URI \
\.(?:gif|jpe?g|png|rar|zip|exe|flv|mov|wma|mp3|avi|swf|mp?g|mp4|webm|webp|pdf)$ no-gzip dont-vary
</IfModule>
</IfModule>

# Compress all output labeled with one of the following MIME-types
<IfModule mod_filter.c>
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/atom+xml \
		                          application/javascript \
		                          application/json \
		                          application/rss+xml \
		                          application/vnd.ms-fontobject \
		                          application/x-font-ttf \
		                          application/xhtml+xml \
		                          application/xml \
		                          font/opentype \
		                          image/svg+xml \
		                          image/x-icon \
		                          text/css \
		                          text/html \
		                          text/plain \
		                          text/x-component \
		                          text/xml
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header append Vary: Accept-Encoding
</IfModule>
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_mime.c>
AddType text/html .html_gzip
AddEncoding gzip .html_gzip
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
SetEnvIfNoCase Request_URI \.html_gzip$ no-gzip
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} on [OR]
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} ^443$ [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP:X-Forwarded-Proto} https
RewriteRule .* - [E=WPR_SSL:-https]
RewriteCond %{HTTP:Accept-Encoding} gzip
RewriteRule .* - [E=WPR_ENC:_gzip]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} GET
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} =""
RewriteCond %{HTTP:Cookie} !(wordpress_logged_in_|wp-postpass_|wptouch_switch_toggle|comment_author_|comment_author_email_) [NC]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^(/(.+/)?feed/?|/finalizar-compra/(.*)|/(index\.php/)?wp\-json(/.*|$))$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} !^(facebookexternalhit).* [NC]
RewriteCond "%{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/usr/wp-content/cache/wp-rocket/%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}/index%{ENV:WPR_SSL}.html%{ENV:WPR_ENC}" -f
RewriteRule .* "/usr/wp-content/cache/wp-rocket/%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}/index%{ENV:WPR_SSL}.html%{ENV:WPR_ENC}" [L]
</IfModule>
# END WP Rocket
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